Components in Form 16

Form 16 is one of the most important forms for salaried employees, it contains all the information regarding the salary paid and the tax deducted.

Form 16 is divided into 2 sub-parts, both equally important, which are given below:-


Part A Form 16

Part A of Form 16 gives the summary of tax collected by the employer from an employee’s salary on his/her behalf and deposited with the government. It is a certificate of guarantee that is signed by the employer effectively declaring he/she has already deposited the TDS deducted from employee’s salary.


Details to be filled in Form 16 Part A

Part A of Form 16 contains the following details that need to be filled:

  • Personal Information: Personal Information of Employee as well as Employer, this includes name, address, Permanent Account Number (PAN) as well as employer’s TAN (TAN is a number allotted to an account which is responsible for deduction and collection of taxes). These details help the IT Department to track the flow of money from employee’s and employer’s accounts.
  • Assessment Year: This indicates the year of assessment or in simple words the year in which the taxpayer needs file for a tax return process. As an example, for the income earned between April 2018 and May 2019, the Assessment year will be 2019-20.
  • Time Period: The time period for which the employee was working for the employer in the given financial year.
  • Summary of the salary that was paid
  • The date on which the Tax was deducted
  • Date of tax deposition with the government
  • Summary of the tax that was deducted as well as deposited with the Income Tax Department

This part of Form 16 is generated through the Traces portal of Income Tax Department. Apart from what is mentioned above, it also provides the BSR code of the bank from which payments are done, challan numbers and other specific details for future reference.

It is required that Part A should be signed by the deductor manually or digitally.


Part B Form 16

Part B of Form 16 is concerned with the statements regarding salary paid, any other income as disclosed by the employee to the employer and things like the amount of tax paid and tax due. This part of Form 16 presents the above-mentioned information is a comprehensive and orderly manner, declaring income earned by the employee with the various exemptions and allowances applicable in a specific format as referred.


Details to be filled in Part B

Part B of Form 16 contains the following details that need to be filled:-
  • Total Salary: Salary structure is further broken down into various components like House Rent, Leave Travel Allowance, Leave encashment, Gratuity, etc.
  • Exemptions: All the relevant exemptions permissible according to Section 10 of the Income Tax Act 1961 are mentioned in this part of the form
  • Gross Income: This is the summation of regular salary plus any other income produced or received by the employee through various means such as housing and rent.
  • Details regarding other sources of income need to be shared by an employee to his employer during the time of investment proof submission.
  • Various deductions from Salary: Various deductions from salary according to section 80C/80CCC/80CCD including the contributions made towards instruments or schemes like Public Provident Fund (PPF), Life Insurance, Tax Saving Mutual Funds, Pension, Tuition Fee Tax Deduction for Children accounting for a total of up to Rs.1.5 lakh.
  • Net Taxable Salary: Various Tax deductions are aggregated under Chapter IV-A and then deducted from gross income to calculate the net taxable income. This amount is used to calculate your actual tax liability.
  • Education cess and surcharges as applicable
  • Rebate under Section 87, if and when applicable
  • Rebate under section 89, if any
  • The total tax payable on employee’s income
  • Tax deducted and balance tax due or refund as applicable

Types of Form 16

Form 16-A

Like Form 16, Form 16-A is also a TDS certificate, but it is a TDS certificate for TDS deducted on income other than salary. This certificate includes details such as TDS deducted by your bank on income earned from interest rates on fixed deposits, TDS earned on rent income, TDS on insurance commission and any other income which is liable for such deduction. Form 16-A provides comprehensive details on TDS deducted and deposited on such incomes. Similar to Form 16, Form 16-A also contains the name, address of deductor and deductee, PAN details, TAN details of the deductor, as well as Challan receipts of TDS deposited on these incomes.

Form 16-B

Like Form 16-A and Form 16, Form 16-B is another TDS certificate, this one is concerned with the TDS deducted on sales of property and reflects TDS amount deducted on the property is deposited by the buyer with the Income Tax Department. The buyer has to deduct a 1% TDS on the immovable property purchased from the seller and submit it to the income tax department and then later generate and provide Form 16-B to the seller. Form 16-B is proof that TDS on sales of the property has been deposited with the Government.


Eligibility Criteria for Form 16

  • According to the regulations provided by the Finance Ministry of the Govt. of India, every salaried person falling under the tax bracket is eligible for Form 16.
  • If any employee doesn’t fall under the tax bracket, he/she is not liable to get TDS deducted. So under such circumstances, the company is not obligated to provide Form 16 to the employee.
  • These days many companies even in this case provides a Form 16 because it gives a complete picture of consolidated earnings and has other uses as well.

How to generate Form 16

Generating TRACES Form 16 Part A

  • Step 1. Log ion to TRACES website (www.tdscpc.gov.in) by entering a User ID, Password, TAN of the deductor and the verification code
  • Step 2. Check the status of your TDS return 24Q4 for which you want to generate Form 16-A. Request for Form 16-A will only be submitted when the statement status is either "Processed with Default" or "Processed without Default" To check the statement status, you have to go through a tab named statement status placed directly under Statement/Payment Tab and select the form type and Financial Year.

  • Step 3. Click on the Form 16 option in Download’s Tab

  • Step4. The select financial year for which you want to download Form 16-A and select any one download option out of “Search PAN Download” or “Bulk PAN download”.
    *Search PAN Download is to download Form 16 Part A for selected valid PAN holders
    *Bulk PAN Download is to Download Form 16 Part A for all eligible PAN holders for the financial year.

  • Step 5. Details of Authorized Persons to be printed on Form 16-A will appear on the screen, you just have to click “Submit” to proceed further. In case you want any changes, click “Cancel” and update the details from the profile section.

  • Step 6: Now fill the KYC details by selecting one of the options from Digital Supported KYC or Normal KYC validation
    *Digital Supported KYC is valid only when the deductor has a valid digital signature registered with TRACES.
    *Normal KYC validation can opt in the case digital signature is not registered with TRACES.
    After providing the correct KYC details an authentication code will be generated which will be valid for the same calendar day, for same financial year and same Quarter.

  • Step 7. One unique request number will be generated which can be used to track the status of the request. Moreover, Form 16-A can only be downloaded when the status is ‘Available”.

  • Step 8. Form 16 Part-A can now be downloaded from the Download >> Requested Download, using HTTP Download or Download Manager.

  • Step 9. Select the download type depending on the number of files you need to download
    *HTTP download for a small number of files, a Download manager for a large number of files.

  • Step 10. Download Form 16 PDF converter utility 1.4L if you want to convert Form 16-A into PDF format.

  • Step 11. Run the setup of Form 16 PDF converter utility 1.4L in order to generate Form 16-A in PDF format.

Generating Form 16 Part B

Form 16 Part B is manually generated by the deductor and issued to the deductee post due verification and authentication along with the Part-A of form B
Generating Digitally Form 16 from Smart Form 16 Software

  • Step 1. Download a Digitally Signed Form 16 Application. These are available online.
  • Step 2. Download a Smart Excel software for Form 16 as well as a Form 16 Merger utility Software
  • Step 3. Open the Smart Excel and start to fill out the details to generate Form 16 as per the headings are given in the sheet.
    1. Deductor Details: Fill the details of the deductor
    2. Form 16 Details: Fill annual salary details for all the employees mentioned in the sheet
    3. 80C: Fill 80C details for all the employees mentioned in the sheet
    4. 80C Others: Fill 80C others deductions for all the employees mentioned in the sheet
    5. TDS details: Fill the TDS deduction details for all the employees mentioned in the sheet
    6. Prerequisite: Fill the prerequisites for all the employees mentioned in the sheet
    7. Salary Annexure: Fill the salary annexure details for the employees mentioned
  • Step 5: After filling all the necessary details, generate a Form 16 PDF.
  • Step 7: After installing a Form 16 Merging Software, merge TRACES Part-A and Part-B and Digital Sign Form 16
  • Step 8: You may choose to provide the Forms to your employees through hard copies or mail.

Preserving Form 16

Although Form 16 is not required while filing Income Tax, it is recommended that employees preserve it for at least 6 years from the date of issuing.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q- What is Form 16A and what the difference between Form 16 and Form 16-A?

Ans. In case you are not a salaried employee and work for an organization on a contractual basis, you will receive Form 16-A based on the services rendered and the form will show the TDS deducted on payments made to you.

The basic difference between Form 16 and Form 16-A is that Form 16 is rendered exclusively for salaried employees while Form 16-A is rendered for all other sources of income except those related to buying and selling of immovable property.


Q- Does no Form 16 mean No Tax Return?

The responsibility of deducting and submitting TDS is the task of an employer if in case the organization fails to do so in time, they are charged Rs.100 per day of default as per Section 272(A).

If after multiple requests the organization fails to issue the certificate, the employee should immediately contact the Assessing Officer. The Assessing Officer will take the remedial action taking TDS as not submitted.


Q- Do I need to attach Form 16 while filling out Income Tax?

The Income Tax Department states that it is not necessary to attach Form 16 while filling out your income tax, however, in your own interest, you can attach a photocopy of the same while retaining the original document for a recommended time of at least 6 years after the day it was issued to you.

CA Abhishek Soni

Abhishek Soni is a Chartered Accountant by profession & entrepreneur by passion. He is the co-founder & CEO of Tax2Win.in. Tax2win is amongst the top 25 emerging startups of Asia and authorized ERI by the Income Tax Department. In the past, he worked in EY and comes with wide industry experience from telecom, retail to manufacturing to entertainment where he has handled various national and international assignments.