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Section 194J TDS on Professional or Technical Fees

Updated on: 05 Jun, 2023 12:03 PM

Check the applicability, exemption limits, rate, example, definitions, consequences on non-compliance for the FY 2022-2023(AY 2023-24)

Section 194J under the income tax covers TDS deduction on fees for professional or technical services. This section covers doctors, accountants, engineers, interior designers, architects and also people associated with advertising field. In this guide will explain you the all the provisions related to section 194J under income tax act.

Important: e-verify your income tax return within 30 days, else your return will be considered as not filed.

What is section 194J under the Income Tax Act?

Section 194J stated that any person who is paying fees to any resident person for specified services, then TDS is required to be deducted u/s 194J.However,TDS is to be deducted when amount of payment in a year exceeds Rs.30,000/- at the rate of 10%. This limit is applicable on each transaction independently.

Who is required to deduct TDS u/s 194J?

As per this section, any person (but not an individual or HUF) who pays to a resident fees for professional or technical services,will be required to deduct tax at source u/s 194J.
However, individual or HUF will be required to deduct TDS if they are liable to audit u/s 44AB (a) and (b).

Person here means :

  1. Central or State Government
  2. Local Authority
  3. Corporation
  4. Company
  5. Cooperative Society
  6. Trust
  7. University
  8. Registered Society
  9. Firm
  10. Individual/HUF/AOP/BOI required to get accounts audited u/s 44AB (a) and (b)

Which services are covered under section 194J?

Following type of services are covered under section 194J:

  1. Fees for professional service
  2. Fees for technical service
  3. Remuneration or fee or commission to a director of a company (which is not liable to TDS u/s 192).
  4. Royalty
  5. Payment received (in cash or kind) under an agreement for:
    -: Not carrying out any activity in relation to any business, or
    -: Not sharing any know-how, patent, copyright, trademark, license, franchise or any other business/ commercial right of similar nature/ information/ technique.

What is the meaning of professional service & technical services ?

Professional services under section 194J means

  • Legal Services
  • Medical Services
  • Engineering Services
  • Architectural Services
  • Accountancy or Technical Consultancy Services
  • Interior Decoration Services
  • Advertising Services
  • Notified Professions (which are related to sports activities; sportspersons, umpires, referees, coaches, trainers, team physicians, physiotherapists, event managers, commentators, anchors, sports columnists)

Technical services under section 194J means

Any consideration (including any lump sum consi-deration) for the rendering of any

i) Managerial
ii) Technical or
iii) Consultancy services (including the provision of services of technical or other personnel)

but does not include consideration for any

i) Construction
ii) Assembly
iii) Mining or
iv) like a project undertaken by the recipient or consideration which would be income of the recipient chargeable under the head "Salaries".

What is the limit to deduct TDS u/s 194J?

TDS is required to be deducted if the amount of payment in a year exceeds Rs. 30,000/-.

Now a question may arise in your mind whether this threshold limit is the overall limit for all services covered u/s 194J or it shall be calculated individually for payment of professional fees or technical fees etc?

This limit of Rs. 30,000/- is not a total limit for all services.It shall be calculated individually for payment as professional fees or technical fees or royalty or non-competence fees.

Example 194J applicability : Following payments are made to Mr. A

Particulars Amount
Payment made for professional services Rs. 25,000
Payment made for technical services Rs. 20,000
Total payment to Mr. A Rs. 45,000
TDS is not required to be deducted in above case

What is the rate & time of tax deduction u/s 194J?

The rate of tax deduction u/s 194J is
- 2% in case of technical services or royalty in the nature of consideration for sale, distribution or exhibition of cinematographic films
- 10% in other cases
And the time of deduction is earlier of,
- The credit of income to the account of the payee (receiver) or
- Actual payment (in cash, cheque, draft or other modes).

Particular Rate of TDS (if PAN available) Rate of TDS (if PAN not available)
Payment given to resident person 10% 20%
Payment given to the business of running only call center 2% 20%

When is Section 194J under Income Tax Act not applicable ?

These are the exception to section 194J applicability:

  • Where the payment made by an individual or HUF is for personal purposes only.
  • If payment is made to a non-resident contractor or sub-contractor.
  • Where the amount of payment (at one time or in total during the whole financial year) does not exceed Rs. 30000.

Some Special Considerations by CBDT(Government) Circular on 194J Applicability

CBDT has made some special announcements relating to the implications of section 194J, which are as follows:

Routine maintenance contracts

Any payment made for routine maintenance contracts (including the supply of spares) will be liable to TDS u/s 194C. But if such payment is made for giving any technical services, then Section 194J will become applicable.

Recruitment agencies

Any payment made to recruitment agencies (like Monster India or etc.) will be liable to TDS u/s 194J.

TDS Deduction on GST Amount

The TDS under this section will be applicable on the amount (excluding GST) only if the GST value is shown separately on the bill.

Media House

Any payment (in the form of commission) paid by a media house (like TimesNow) to any advertising agency (like FoxyMoron) will be liable to TDS u/s 194J.

What is the time limit to deposit TDS u/s 194J?

Given below are the time limit to deposit the TDS with the government:

Particular Time limit to deposit TDS
If the amount is paid or credited in the month of March On or before 30th April
If the amount is paid or credited in the month other than March Within 7 days from the end of the month is which deduction is made

What is the time limit to file TDS return u/s 194J?

After depositing TDS to the government, quarterly TDS return in form 26Q is also required to be filed. Given below are the due dates:

Particulars Due Date
April - June 31st July
July - September 31st October
October-December 31st January
January - March 31st May

When is the TDS Statement issued and by whom u/s 194J?

TDS statement, known as Form 16A is issued by the specified person who is required to deduct TDS. Form 16A is issued to the deductee (i.e., whose TDS is deducted from the income). Given below are the due dates of issuing the TDS certificate:

Particulars Due Date
April- May 15th Aug
July - September 15th November
October - December 15th February
January - March 15th June
Section 194J TDS

Frequently Asked Questions

Q- If a contract basis employee deducted TDS under 194J, can he/she claim a refund of the TDS amount deducted while filing ITR? Which ITR form he/she should fill out for that?

Yes, TDS deducted can be claimed as a refund after considering all his income. ITR Form 3 or 4 can be filed accordingly.

Q- Which ITR form should I fill if my income is both under Sections 192 and 194J? Income under these sections is in different time frames.

ITR Form 4 can be used if the 194J receipt is less than Rs. 50 lakhs otherwise ITR 3.

Q- Does the salary received by faculty (on contract) come under 194J?

It mainly depends on whether there is an employer-employee relationship exists or not.

Q- How much will the TDS company deduct if I do multiple short assignments as a consultant (say a week-long assignment comes to 12000 INR and another to 8000 INR)?

It would be covered under 194J if the assignment bill exceeds Rs. 30000/- p.a.but in the above case, the total is only Rs. 20000/-, so there is no TDS liability.

Q- Is it compulsory to mention assets like property, FDs, etc, while filing ITRs, especially when TDS is cut under the 194J section?

No, it’s not compulsory to mention assets while filing ITR if the total taxable income is below a certain specified limit.

Q- How do I know that TDS deducted from my freelancing payment is income tax department?

It can be checked by logging in to Traces and Viewing your 26AS.

Q- Which ITR should I file when a TDS was made under Section 194J instead of 192?

ITR 3 or 4 is appropriate for 194J related to professional and technical.

Q- Which ITR should I file for 194J for a salaried employee? Where should it be shown in the ITR return?

ITR-1 can be filed if any professional services rendered are not the business of the assessee and it has been rendered casually.

Q- Does Stipend come under Professional Tax 194J?

No, the stipend does not come under professional tax. It may come under 192, subject to a few conditions.

Q- What is Section 28(VA)?

Section 28(va) includes money received (in cash or kind) under an agreement for
Not carrying out any activity about any business, or
Not sharing any know-how, patent, copyright, trademark, license, franchise, or any other business/ commercial right of similar nature/ information/ technique.

CA Abhishek Soni
CA Abhishek Soni

Abhishek Soni is a Chartered Accountant by profession & entrepreneur by passion. He is the co-founder & CEO of Tax2win is amongst the top 25 emerging startups of Asia and authorized ERI by the Income Tax Department. In the past, he worked in EY and comes with wide industry experience from telecom, retail to manufacturing to entertainment where he has handled various national and international assignments.