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Trademark Classification: List of Trademark Classes in India

Updated on: 16 Jan, 2024 05:49 PM

Trademarks are classified into 45 different classes depending on the nature of the services and goods. Products and services of similar nature have been grouped together and classified into 45 classes. This article provides a complete list of the trademark classes present in India.

What is Trademark?

A trademark is an intellectual property that grants the owner exclusive rights over a word, symbol, logo, phrase, design, sound, or expression. Such a trademark cannot be used by any other individual, entity, or organization in the public domain without the trademark owner's consent. Any copying of the same shall lead to legal action. A trademark has the ability to distinguish one company’s products from others.

What is Trademark Class?

A trademark class refers to the classes in which various products and services are divided under the NICE classification. There are 45 trademark classes. Each class consists of goods and services of a particular nature. While applying for a trademark, the applicant has to select the correct trademark class to which his/her product or service belongs. Trademark class plays a crucial role in trademark search and in preventing trademark infringement.

What is the basis of the Classification of Trademark Classes?

Trademark Class for Goods

  • A finished product is classified on the basis of its purpose and function if the product is not a part of any other class.
  • Multipurpose products can be classified into multiple classes that relate to their functions. If the functions are not mentioned in other classes, then it is classified on the basis of the mode of transport or the raw materials.
  • Raw materials or semi-finished products are classified based on the material they are made of. If the product is made of multiple materials, it is classified on the basis of the predominant material.

Trademark Class for Services

  • Trademark class for services is classified on the basis of branches of activity, as specified in the headings and explanatory notes.
  • Rental services are classified in the same class.
  • Advice or consultation-related services are classified based on the subject of the advice, consultation, or information.

What are the Different Trademark Classes?

There are a total of 45 classes of trademarks, wherein 1-34 classes belong to products and 35-45 classes belong to services.

Class Description
Trademark Class 1 Chemical industry, science, photography, agriculture, horticulture, and forestry; unprocessed plastics; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs;
Trademark Class 2 Preservatives against rust, paints, and varnishes; Preservatives used to prevent deterioration of wood, foil, and powder from metals, colorants, painters, artists, and decorators.
Trademark Class 3 Substances for laundry use, bleaching preparations; cleaning; polishing; essential oils, cosmetics, soaps; perfumery, abrasive preparations; hair lotions;
Trademark Class 4 Industrial oils and greases; candles, wicks; lubricants; fuels and illuminants, dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions.
Trademark Class 5 Pharmaceutical, fungicides, herbicides; veterinary and sanitary preparations; food for babies; disinfectants; dietetic
Trademark Class 6 Common metals, alloys; small metal hardware products, building materials made of metal. Metal pipes and other goods which are not a part of other classes.
Trademark Class 7 Machines and machine tools; machine coupling and transmission equipment; agricultural implements except those operated by hand; incubators for eggs
Trademark Class 8 Manual hand tools and implements; side arms; razors; cutlery
Trademark Class 9 Scientific, measuring, apparatus for recording, electric, photographic, data processing equipment and computers; transmission or reproduction of sound or visuals.
Trademark Class 10 Dental and veterinary products; surgical, artificial limbs; medical, eyes and teeth; suture materials; orthopedic articles.
Trademark Class 11 Apparatus for lighting, cooking, refrigerating, heating, steam generating, water supply and sanitary purposes; drying and ventilating.
Trademark Class 12 Vehicles; products for movement by water, land, or air.
Trademark Class 13 Firearms; explosives; fireworks; ammunition and projectiles
Trademark Class 14 Precious metals, their alloys and products made from them; precious stones; jewelry; chronometric instruments and horological
Trademark Class 15 Instruments used to make music.
Trademark Class 16 Printed matter; stationery; Paper, cardboard, and goods made from these materials; brushes; plastic materials for packaging; typewriters and office requisites;
Trademark Class 17 Insulating materials; flexible pipes; rubber, asbestos, plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; mica and goods made from these materials; packing, stopping
Trademark Class 18 Umbrellas, parasols and walking sticks; leather and imitations of leather; animal skins, hides, trunks and traveling bags; whips, saddlery; harness
Trademark Class 19 Building materials, (non-metallic), non-metallic transportable buildings; non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch, and bitumen; monuments.
Trademark Class 20 Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; ivory, whalebone, shell, amber; goods of wood, cork, bone, mother-of-pearl, reed, cane, wicker, horn.
Trademark Class 21 Kitchen utensils; unworked or semi-worked glass; combs and sponges; articles for cleaning purposes; earthenware and glassware
Trademark Class 22 Awnings, tarpaulins, sails, sacks, ropes, string, nets, tents, raw fibrous textile materials; padding and stuffing materials(except of rubber or plastics)
Trademark Class 23 Yarns and threads
Trademark Class 24 Bed and table covers; Textiles
Trademark Class 25 Clothing, headgear, footwear
Trademark Class 26 Ribbons and braid; Lace and embroidery, buttons, artificial flowers; hooks and eyes, pins and needles
Trademark Class 27 Carpets, rugs, wall hangings(non-textile); mats and matting, linoleum
Trademark Class 28 Gymnastic and sporting articles; games and playthings; decorations for Christmas trees
Trademark Class 29 Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jams, edible oils and fats; fruit sauces; eggs, milk and milk products
Trademark Class 30 Coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, mustard; vinegar; spices; ice sago; bread, pastry and confectionery, ices; honey, treacle; yeast, baking powder; salt
Trademark Class 31 Agricultural, horticultural, and forestry products and grains; foodstuffs for animals, malt; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds, natural plants and flowers
Trademark Class 32 Beers, mineral and aerated waters, non-alcoholic drinks; syrup; fruit drinks and fruit juices
Trademark Class 33 Alcoholic beverages(except beers)
Trademark Class 34 Tobacco, smokers' articles, matches

Trademark classification of services

Class Description
Trademark Class 35 Advertising, business administration, business management, office functions.
Trademark Class 36 Insurance, financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs.
Trademark Class 37 Building construction; installation services; repair
Trademark Class 38 Tele communications.
Trademark Class 39 Transport; travel arrangement; packaging and storage of goods.
Trademark Class 40 Treatment of materials.
Trademark Class 41 Education; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities; providing of training
Trademark Class 42 Scientific, design, and technological services; industrial analysis and research services; computer hardware development.
Trademark Class 43 Temporary accommodation; services for food and drink
Trademark Class 44 Medical services, horticulture, and forestry services; veterinary services, hygienic and beauty care; agriculture.
Trademark Class 45 Security services for the protection of property; personal and social services rendered by others.

If you are new to trademark registration and don’t know how to go about it, our expert CAs can help you in your trademark registration journey. Don’t wait any further and hire an eCA now!

Frequently Asked Questions

Q- What is class 22 in the trademark?

Class 22 of the trademark includes strings, nets, ropes, tarpaulins, awnings, sacks, and bags that are not included in other classes. It also includes stuffing and padding material (except those made of plastic and rubber) and raw fibrous textile materials.

Q- How many classes are the goods and services divided under trademark?

The goods and services under trademarks are divided into 45 classes as per the NICE classification. The NICE classification is the international standard on which goods are classified. Each trademark class consists of different sets of goods and services.

Q- What is class 29 in a trademark?

Trademark class 29 consists of poultry, meat and fish, preserved, frozen, dried and cooked vegetables and fruits, jams, jellies, compotes, fats and edible oils.

Q- What is class 31 in a trademark?

Class 31 of trademark includes aquaculture, horticulture, raw and unprocessed agricultural seeds and grains, natural plants and flowers, live animals, fresh herbs.

CA Abhishek Soni
CA Abhishek Soni

Abhishek Soni is a Chartered Accountant by profession & entrepreneur by passion. He is the co-founder & CEO of Tax2win is amongst the top 25 emerging startups of Asia and authorized ERI by the Income Tax Department. In the past, he worked in EY and comes with wide industry experience from telecom, retail to manufacturing to entertainment where he has handled various national and international assignments.