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What is Section 80DDB?: Diseases Covered, Claim Deduction & Certificate

Updated on: 05 Jun, 2024 04:14 PM

Section 80DDB allows a deduction for expenditures on the treatment of specified diseases for self, spouse, dependent children, dependent parents and dependent siblings. The list of specified diseases is covered by Rule 11DD of the income tax.

This deduction is subject to certain conditions and is capped at a specified amount. Below are the key details regarding Section 80DDB:

Deduction Under Section 80DDB

Section 80DDB of the Income Tax Act in India provides deductions for expenses incurred on the medical treatment of specified diseases like cancer, dementia, motor neuron diseases, Parkinson’s disease, AIDS, and chronic renal failure. This section is applicable to individual taxpayers, Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs), and residents. The payment for health insurance is covered under Section 80D of the Income Tax Act.

Who Can Claim a Deduction Under Section 80DDB of the Income Tax Act?

The deduction u/s 80DDB for the expenditure on the medical treatment of the specified diseases can be claimed by–

  • Individuals and HUFs.
  • Section 80DDB deduction can not be claimed by corporates or any other entity.
  • The deduction under section 80DDB can be claimed only by the assessee who is a resident of India during the relevant previous year.
  • NRIs are not eligible for this deduction.
  • Section 80DDB can be claimed only by the person who has actually incurred the expenses.

How Much Deduction is Allowed Under Section 80DDB?

The amount of the deduction depends on two factors - the age of the patient and the actual amount of expenditure.

The deduction is up to Rs.40,000 or the actual amount paid (whichever is less) for patients under 60 and Rs.1 lakh or actual amount (whichever is less) for patients 60 and above.

Section 80DDB deduction limits

Patient’s Age Maximum Limit(Rs.)
Individuals(less than 60 years) 40,000
In the case of a senior citizen (aged 60 years or more) 1,00,000

Things to Remember While Claiming the Deduction

Please note the following points in this context-

  • The deduction amount is strictly based on the age of the person availing the medical treatment and not on the age of the person claiming the deduction.
  • The deductions are always claimed with respect to the actual expenses incurred during the relevant financial year.
  • In the case when the dependent is already insured by any insurer or company and some payment is received either from the insurer or by way of reimbursement from his employer- the insurance amount must be subtracted from the deduction allowable. For example, if you are eligible for Rs. 1 lakh and you received Rs. 40,000 from the Insurance Company, then you are eligible for a Rs. 60,000 deduction under this section.
  • Dependents of an individual include spouse, parents, brother, sister, and children.
  • For HUF, a member of the family is the dependent.
  • In order to claim the deduction, you must obtain a certificate from specialists depending on the type of disease.

Which diseases are covered under Section 80DDB?

Specified diseases covered u/s 80DDB are defined under rule 11DD of the income tax. The following are the medical conditions/diseases for which one can claim deductions as per the expenses of the treatment. These are highly specified diseases, and one needs the prescription of the respective specialists in order to confirm them-

Specified Diseases Prescription in respect of these diseases shall be issued by
Neurological Diseases(with disability level certified 40% and above)
  • Dementia
  • Dystonia musculorum
  • Deformans
  • Motor neuron disease
  • Ataxia
  • Chorea
  • Hemiballismus
  • Aphasia
  • Parkinsons disease
Neurologist(having DM or equally recognized degree)
Malignant cancers Oncologist(having DM or equally recognized degree)
Full Blown Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) A Specialist(having a PG in general or internal medicine or an equivalent degree)
Chronic Renal Failure Nephrologist (having DM or equally recognized degree) Or Urologist(having MCh in Urology or equivalent degree)
Hematological disorders
A Specialist (having DM in Hematology or an equally recognized degree)

Are you aware of the significant tax benefits you could be missing out on by not filing your Income Tax Return (ITR) under Section 80DDB? If you or your dependents have incurred medical expenses for specified diseases, you might be eligible for substantial deductions under this provision. Our team of experts is here to guide you through the process, ensuring compliance with all regulations and helping you maximize your tax savings. File ITR Today.

How to Claim Deduction under Section 80DDB?

Claiming tax benefits under Section 80DDB requires filing of your income tax return. It's crucial to maintain precise records of all medical expenses incurred and obtain the requisite medical certificates. Adhering to specified procedures and filing your return on time are essential steps to maximize the benefits of this provision. The last date to file income tax return for FY 2023-24 (AY 2024-25) is 31st July 2024. File your tax return today.

What Documents are Required to Claim Tax Deduction u/s 80DDB?

You can claim the deduction u/s 80DDB at the time of filing ITR. There should be proof that the medical treatment is actually being undertaken and a prescription/certificate from the doctor stating the person is suffering from any disease specified under Section 80DDB.

For the same reason, the prescription given by the specialist doctor is among the most important documents. Where the treatment has been received in a government hospital, the prescription may be issued by any specialist working full-time in that hospital and having a PG degree in General or Internal Medicine or an equally recognized degree. In the case of a government hospital, a prescription should also contain the name and address of the government hospital.

How to Get a Certificate/Prescription for the Disease for 80DDB Deduction?

To claim a deduction under Section 80DDB for medical treatment of specified diseases, you need to obtain a certificate from a specialist doctor. Here's the process to get a certificate for claiming the deduction:

  • Visit a Specialist Doctor: Schedule an appointment with a specialist doctor who is relevant to the disease you or your dependent is suffering from. The doctor should be practicing in a government hospital.
  • Medical Examination and Diagnosis: Undergo a medical examination by a specialist doctor who will diagnose the disease and prescribe the treatment.
  • Request for Prescription: Request the specialist doctor to provide a detailed prescription mentioning the name and details of the patient, the disease diagnosed, and the recommended treatment. This prescription is crucial for claiming the deduction.
  • Prescribed Format: The prescription should be in a prescribed format and should include the doctor's registration number, hospital details, and other relevant information.
  • Disability Certificate (if applicable): In cases of neurological diseases where the disability is not less than 40%, a disability certificate issued by a prescribed medical authority is required. Ensure that this certificate is also obtained if applicable.
  • Keep All Medical Bills and Receipts: Along with the prescription, keep all the bills and receipts related to the medical expenses incurred. This documentation serves as proof when claiming the deduction.
  • Submit the Prescription with the Income Tax Return: At the time of income tax return e filing, provide details of the prescription and medical expenses in the relevant schedule. Keep the original prescription and other documents safe for reference and possible future audits.
  • No Specific Government Form: Unlike disability certificates that may require a specific government form, the prescription itself serves as the primary document for claiming the deduction under Section 80DDB.

What Should be Mentioned in the Certificate?

The certificate should include the following details to ensure completeness:

  • Patient's name and age
  • Name of the disease or ailment
  • Name, address, and registration number of the specialist issuing the certificate
  • Qualifications of the specialist
  • If the patient is receiving treatment in a Government hospital, the certificate should also include the name and address of the hospital.

How to Fill Section 80DDB Form?

To complete the Section 80DDB Form, follow these steps:

  • Step 1. Provide the applicant's name.
  • Step 2. Enter the applicant's father's name and address.
  • Step 3. Include the name and address of the dependent person.
  • Step 4. Specify the relationship between the applicant and the dependent.
  • Step 5. Fill in the name of the disease according to Rule 11DD.
  • Step 6. Indicate the level of disability.
  • Step 7. Provide details of the government hospital, including name and address.
  • Step 8. Enter the name, address, qualifications, and registration number of the treating doctor.
  • Step 9. Sign the form and verify the information for accuracy.

This prescription form is submitted to the income tax department while filing the income tax return. Practically, no document is attached to the ITR; it is advised to keep a copy of the prescription for future reference.

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FAQs on Section 80DDB

Q- Can 80dd and 80ddb be claimed together?

Yes. But it is subject to fulfillment of other conditions.

Q- Can I claim a deduction of the maximum amount permitted under Section 80DDB income tax?

No, you can claim a deduction only for the expenses that you actually incur.

Q- Does paralysis fall under income tax 80DDB deduction category?

It is a Neurological Disorder; hence, it will fall under the deduction category.

Q- Can I claim dental treatments like root canals under section 80DDB of the Income Tax Act?

No, it is not covered under the specified disease category.

Q- Does the stroke rehabilitation fall under rebatable sections 80DD/80DDB of the Income Tax Act?

Stroke rehabilitation is not covered under the specified disease category of section 80DDB.

Q- Is diabetes covered under section 80DDB of the Income Tax Act?

Section 80DDB provides an exclusive list of specified diseases for which tax benefits under this section can be taken, and it does not include diabetes.

Q- Is cancer covered under section 80DDB of the Income Tax Act?

Yes, section 80DDB of the income tax act specifically includes “Malignant cancers,” and expenditures incurred for medical treatment of self/dependent in respect of the same can be claimed as a tax benefit.

Q- What is the difference between section 80DD and 80DDB?

Section 80DD and section 80DDB can be distinguished on the following points:

Particulars Section 80DD Section 80DDB
Benefit to whom To the taxpayer taking medical care of a disabled dependent To Self for medical treatment of self/dependent suffering from specified diseases
Amount of Deduction Flat Rs 75,000 (non-severe disability) Flat Rs 1,25,000 (severe disability) The amount actually spent or Rs 40,000 (age< 60) Rs 1,00,000 (age 60 or above) (whichever is less)

CA Abhishek Soni
CA Abhishek Soni

Abhishek Soni is a Chartered Accountant by profession & entrepreneur by passion. He is the co-founder & CEO of Tax2win is amongst the top 25 emerging startups of Asia and authorized ERI by the Income Tax Department. In the past, he worked in EY and comes with wide industry experience from telecom, retail to manufacturing to entertainment where he has handled various national and international assignments.