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Tax Benefits under NPS - Deductions under Section 80CCD(1B) of Income Tax

Updated on: 06 Feb, 2024 12:17 PM

The Income Tax Act 1961 allows various deductions and exemptions that help reduce the taxable income and, consequently, an individual's tax liability. Investing in certain schemes or certain types of expenses is allowed as a deduction under the Income Tax Act, of 1961. One such exemption is the exemption for investing in NPS (National Pension Scheme) under 80CCD(1B). In this guide, we will explore this exemption, get into the national pension scheme details as well as the latest updates in the rules related to NPS deductions.

Latest Updates in National Pension Scheme 2023

  • Unlike before, the PFRDA (Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority) has announced a significant change in the rules of exits and withdrawals under NPS. As per the new rule, the subscribers can withdraw upto 60% of their pension corpus through a Systematic lump-sum withdrawal facility on a monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, or annual basis until the individual becomes 75 years of age or as per the time chosen at the time of their retirement. The subscriber can withdraw a lump sum corpus in a phased manner at regular intervals.
  • The PFRDA has made it mandatory for subscribers to get their bank accounts certified instantly. This move will help ensure that the subscribers receive their National pension scheme benefits in a timely manner in their bank account. The penny drop verification is necessary to incorporate modification of the subscriber’s bank account details.

What is Section 80 CCD (1) & 80CCD(1B)?

When it comes to deductions, some of the most popular deductions are included in Chapter VI A of the Income Tax Act. Section 80CCD(1) of the Income Tax Act, 1961, is one such deduction which pertains to the contributions made towards NPS. Section 80CCD(1) allows an individual employed in the public or private sector or a self-employed person to claim a deduction for the amount contributed towards their National Pension System (NPS) account.

Under this section, an individual can claim a deduction of up to 10% of their salary (or) gross total income for contributions made towards their NPS account. The maximum deduction under this section is Rs 1.5 lakh, which is inclusive of the deduction claimed under Section 80C.

Additionally, Section 80 CCD (1B) was introduced, which allows a further deduction of INR 50,000, over and above the deduction available under Section 80C for INR 1.5 lakhs for contributions made by individual taxpayers towards the NPS.

Do you know what NPS investment is all about? Let’s understand it in brief -


What is National Pension Scheme?

National Pension Scheme is an investment scheme that is available for both the Government and private sector and helps with retirement planning. You can invest in the scheme when you are working, and then the scheme will create a corpus for your retirement. The corpus can then be availed to provide you with regular income in the form of annuities.

When you invest in the National Pension Scheme, there are two accounts to choose from. These accounts are as follows –

Tier I account

This type of account has a fixed lock-in period, till the time the subscriber reaches the age of 60 years. The amount can be withdrawn only partially upon fulfilling certain conditions. Contributions made towards this account are tax deductible and qualify for deductions u/s- 80CCD (1) & 80CCD(1B). You can deposit a sum of Rs. 2 lakhs in a tier-1 National Pension Scheme account and claim a deduction of the entire amount (Rs.1.5 lakhs under 80CCCD(1) and an additional Rs.50,000 under 80CCD(1B)).

Tier II Account

Tier II Account is the voluntary account into which you can invest after you have invested in the Tier I Account. The amount deposited in this account can be withdrawn by the subscriber as and when they want. The contribution made to a Tier 2 account is not eligible for a tax deduction, however, the contribution made by a Central Government employee can be claimed as a deduction. Also, the Accumulated balance can be withdrawn without any restriction. The contribution made to the national pension scheme is a part of the Exempt-exempt-exempt category, wherein, the amount of contribution, the income, and the maturity proceedings are all exempt from tax.


What is the Eligibility Criteria for Investing Under Section 80 CCD(1B)?

  • Resident individuals and NRIs can invest in the National Pension Scheme.
  • The age of the investor should be between 18 and 70 years.
  • In the case of NRIs, however, if the NRI’s citizenship changes after the NRI has invested in the scheme, the scheme would be terminated.

How to Invest in NPS to Avail of the Tax Benefits?

National Pension Scheme investment can be made through a financial institution that acts as a Point of Presence (POP). Almost all banks and non-banking financial companies are authorized to act as POP. POPs have specialized branches that collect NPS deposits from investors. These branches are called Point of Presence Service Providers or POP-SP. The list of POP-SPs can be found online at the official website of the scheme, which is https://www.npscra.nsdl.co.in/pop-sp.php. To invest in the scheme, you must submit the filled-in registration form, identity proof, age proof, and address proof.


What is the Lock-in period of the NPS Scheme?

When you attain 60 years of age, the scheme matures. 60% of the accumulated corpus can be taken in a lump sum on maturity. Annuity payments would then be made from the remaining 40% of the corpus. The lump sum benefit would be tax-free in your hands, and the annuity payments you receive would be taxed at your income tax slab rates.


What Tax Deduction is Available Under Sections 80C, 80CCD, and 80CCD (1B)?

Current NPS participants can avail the deduction under section 80CCD for their NPS contributions. Section 80 CCD(1) also allows a tax deduction on NPS contributions, limited to 10% of their salary (basic salary + DA) contributed by employees. However, the combined deduction from 80C and 80 CCD(1) cannot surpass Rs. 1.50 lakhs in the preceding year. An additional deduction of Rs. 50,000 on NPS contributions is offered by Section 80 CCD(1B).

Furthermore, Section 80 CCD(2) allows employees to claim a deduction on the NPS contribution, equivalent to 10% of their salary (14% for Central Government employees) contributed by the employer. Participants have the flexibility to distribute their NPS contribution, claiming a portion in 80C and the remaining in 80CCD(1B), thereby optimizing the total tax deduction to Rs. 2 lakhs.

The NPS tax benefits are summarized in the table below:

Section Nature Maximum Deduction Note
80C Investment in LIC, Deposit in NPS/PPF/FDs, etc. Rs. 1,50,000 Aggregate deduction under 80C, 80CCC & 80CCD(1) cannot exceed Rs. 1.5 lakh
80CCC Contribution to certain pension funds -
80CCD(1) Contribution to NPS Scheme (10% of salary) -
80CCD(1B) Self-contribution to NPS Rs. 50,000 In addition to the above Rs. 1.5 lakh deduction
80CCD(2) Employer contribution to NPS: - Outside of 80C and 80CCD(1B) limits
Central Government Employer 14% of salary
Other Employers 10% of salary

Benefits for existing NPS subscribers under Section 80CCD

The NPS tax benefits are summarized in the table below:

Section Nature Maximum Deduction Note
80C Investment in LIC, Deposit in NPS/PPF/FDs, etc. Rs. 1,50,000 Aggregate deduction under 80C, 80CCC & 80CCD(1) cannot exceed Rs. 1.5 lakh
80CCC Contribution to certain pension funds -
80CCD(1) Contribution to NPS Scheme (10% of salary) -
80CCD(1B) Self-contribution to NPS Rs. 50,000 In addition to the above Rs. 1.5 lakh deduction
80CCD(2) Employer contribution to NPS: - Outside of 80C and 80CCD(1B) limits
Central Government Employer 14% of salary
Other Employers 10% of salary

What are the Documents Required for Claiming Tax Benefits Under NPS?

To claim the above-mentioned tax benefits, the following documents would be required to be submitted –

  • Transaction statement, which is the proof of investment
  • The receipt of the contribution is done to the Tier I account, which is available online on your NPS account. The receipt can be downloaded under ‘View’ by clicking ‘Statement of Voluntary Contribution under National Pension System (NPS)'.
  • PAN Card
  • Aadhaar Card

What is the Withdrawal Criteria Under the NPS Scheme?

The NPS scheme matures when you attain 60 years of age. Withdrawals from the National Pension Scheme before this age would be subject to certain terms and conditions. These terms and conditions apply to investments done in Tier I Account. In Tier II Accounts, withdrawals are allowed without any restrictions.

Withdrawals can be of two types – full withdrawal or partial withdrawal. Let’s understand the terms and conditions attached to both these types of withdrawals –

  • Full withdrawal
    You can close the NPS investment before attaining 60 years of age. When you do so, 20% of the accumulated corpus can be availed in a lump sum, and the remaining 80% is used for paying annuities. 20% of the lump sum withdrawal is allowed as a tax-free income. The annuity payments are, however, taxable in your hands.
  • Partial withdrawals
    Partial withdrawals are allowed after two completed years of investing in the NPS scheme. Up to 25% of the accumulated funds can be withdrawn. Withdrawals are allowed only for meeting specified expenses like marriage expenses, medical emergencies, financing a home, etc. Up to three partial withdrawals can be made during the investment period of the scheme, and between each withdrawal, there should be a gap of 5 years. The amount of partial withdrawal is allowed as a tax-free benefit.

Important Points to Consider for Section 80CCD(1B)

Here are some important things about claiming a deduction under Section 80CCD (1B) which you should know –

  • Contributions made to Tier I Account would only qualify for deduction under Section 80CCD (1B). Investments in Tier II accounts are not eligible for any deductions.
  • Both salaried and self-employed individuals can claim a deduction under Section 80CCD (1B)
  • The relevant documents pertaining to the investment should be furnished for claiming the deduction.
  • Under NPS, partial withdrawals are allowed subject to specific terms and conditions.
  • The exemption limit for Section 80CCD(1B) is Rs. 50,000, operating independently of exemptions under Section 80C. Consequently, one can avail a maximum deduction of Rs. 2 lakhs.
  • In the event of the assessee's demise, if the nominee opts to close the NPS account, the amount received by the nominee is exempt from taxation.

So, by investing in the National Pension Scheme, you can claim an additional tax deduction under Section 80 CCD (1B). Moreover, you can also create a retirement corpus which would give you a regular income for the rest of your life. A win-win solution, don’t you think?

Now that you are aware of the importance of investing in the National Pension Scheme, don’t forget to claim a deduction for the same. And if you still have questions or need assistance filing your ITR, Tax2win’s tax experts are here to help you.

Book an eCA now and maximize your tax savings.


Frequently Asked Questions

Q- Is it necessary to avail of annuity payments under the National Pension Scheme?

The whole concept of the National Pension Scheme is to provide you with regular income after retirement, and so availing of annuity payments is compulsory.


Q- Does Section 80CCD (1B) apply also to withdrawals?

No, Section 80 CCD (1B) applies only to investments made towards NPS.


Q- Who manages the National Pension Scheme?

The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) manages the National Pension Scheme.


Q- Who cannot claim the benefit of Section 80CCD (1B) deductions?

Persons of Indian Origin (PIO), Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs), and Overseas Citizens of India (OCIs) cannot claim the tax deductions available under Section 80CCD (1B).


CA Abhishek Soni
CA Abhishek Soni

Abhishek Soni is a Chartered Accountant by profession & entrepreneur by passion. He is the co-founder & CEO of Tax2Win.in. Tax2win is amongst the top 25 emerging startups of Asia and authorized ERI by the Income Tax Department. In the past, he worked in EY and comes with wide industry experience from telecom, retail to manufacturing to entertainment where he has handled various national and international assignments.