What is the Transport Allowance?

Transport allowance is the money that you receive from your employer for commuting from your residence to office and vice-versa.
If you are an employee in Transport System who runs a transport from one place to another as a part of your official duty, then transport allowance means the money you receive to meet your personal expenses incurred during the course of your official duty provided employee is not in receipt of daily allowance.

Who gets Transport Allowance?

Not everyone receives the transport allowance. Only those employees whose employer specifically provides it in their CTC structure gets it. Thus, the relationship of employer and employee must exist as a precondition for receiving the transport allowance. This means all salaried persons are eligible for receiving transport allowance and self-employed persons cannot claim it.

Is Transport Allowance taxable? If yes, what is the tax exemption on Transport Allowance?

The whole amount of transport allowance received is not taxable. The government knows it is a genuine expense and thus wants to save you from the burden of paying heavy taxes. For this purpose, the amount received as transport allowance is made partially taxable i.e. partially exempt under section 10(14)(ii) of the Income Tax Act.
This means that the whole amount of transport allowance received is not tax-free. There are limits on tax exemption depending on your tax situation. These are :

Limits of tax exemption on Transport Allowance :
  • Transport Allowance for Salaried Person (Non-Handicapped)
  • Transport Allowance of Rs.1,600 per month is tax-free for a salaried employee. Any amount received in excess of Rs.1600 is taxable
  • Transport Allowance for a handicapped person
  • Transport Allowance of Rs.3,200 per month is tax-free for handicapped employees. Handicapped employees mean all the employees who are blind or deaf or dumb or orthopedically handicapped with the disability of lower extremities.
  • Transport Allowance for employees of Transport System-
    Lower of Rs.10,000 per month or 70 % of transport allowance is tax-free for specified employees of the transport system. This exemption is given to those employees who run transport from one place to another as a part of their official duty and does not receive a daily allowance.
Transport Allowance exemption for A.Y. 2018-19(F.Y. 2017-18) :
Persons Monthly Tax Exemption(Rs./month) Yearly Tax Exemption(Rs./year.)
Salaried Persons (Non-Handicapped, Non-Transport Industry) 1,600 19,200
Handicapped Persons(Salaried) 3,200 38,400
Employees of Transport System 70% of amount received or 10,000, whichever is less 70% of amount received or 1,20,000, whichever is less

How tax exemption on Transport Allowance calculated?

The calculation of the tax exemption is very simple. All you have to do is just subtract the amount of tax exemption (depending on the limit applicable) from the amount received.
For instance
If you receive Rs. 2000 per month from your company as transport Allowance then your tax situation would be -

Amount of Transport Allowance Received Rs.2000/month
Less: Amount of Tax Exemption as per law Rs.1600/month
Taxable Amount of Tax Exemption Rs.400/month

Use our free Transport Allowance tax exemption utility specifically designed for calculation of tax-free amount on Transport Allowance.

Is there a difference between Transport Allowance and Conveyance Allowance?

Many people are confused between terms transport allowance and conveyance allowance and make mistake while claiming tax exemption in their Income Tax Return.

Transport Allowance is covered by section 10(14)(ii) of the Income Tax Act. It is the tax-exempt to the extent of the amount notified by the Income Tax Department. Actual expenditure is not required in order to claim the tax exemption.

Conveyance Allowance is covered by section 10 (14)(i) of the Income Tax Act. It is tax exempt to the extent of the amount actually spent for the official purpose for which it is given, in order to claim the tax exemption. Tax benefit can be taken only when no free conveyance is provided for the same purpose.

“Did you know that it is not mandatory to spend the complete amount of Transport Allowance received in order to get the benefit of tax exemption!”

How to claim Transport Allowance while filing Income Tax Return?

Generally, your employer takes care that you receive the benefit of tax exemption on transport allowance at the time of deducting your TDS from your paycheck. Then, all you have to do is just enter the amount mentioned in point 6 of your Form 16 part B in the Income from Salary column of your ITR Form.
But in case, you want to check whether your employer has given you full tax benefit on transport allowance or he completely forgot to give the tax benefit in your Form 16, then here is what you should do

  • Firstly check your CTC structure from your salary slip.
  • See how much amount of Transport Allowance is the part of your CTC.
  • If the amount of allowance in CTC structure is less than Rs. 1600 per month , then whole amount would be tax free.
  • If the amount in CTC structure is more than Rs.1600 per month , then tax free amount would be to the extent of Rs. 1600 per month only.
  • Check that correct amount has been reduced in Form 16 from the Salary.
  • If not reduced the correct amount in Form 16 from salary, then you can reduced it and can claim it in your ITR accordingly.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q - Is transport allowance taxable in India?

Yes, prior to budget 2018 transport allowance was taxable only above a certain threashold. But after the introduction of standard deduction which substitutes the earlier benefits given under transport allowance and medical allowance. It has become FULLY taxable.

Q - What is the exemption limit of transport allowance?

Till FY 2017-18 transport / conveyance allowance upto Rs 1600/- p.m. or Rs 19200/- p.a. was allowed as deduction from your taxable salary income. But after the reintroduction of standard deduction in lieu of transport allowance and medical allowance from FY 2018-19 no benefit of transport allowance shall be available.

CA Abhishek Soni
CA Abhishek Soni

Abhishek Soni is a Chartered Accountant by profession & entrepreneur by passion. He is the co-founder & CEO of Tax2win is amongst the top 25 emerging startups of Asia and authorized ERI by the Income Tax Department. In the past, he worked in EY and comes with wide industry experience from telecom, retail to manufacturing to entertainment where he has handled various national and international assignments.