How to Calculate Total Income?

Total Income can be calculated by-

    The resultant amount is Total Income.
    For better understanding, find below the tabular presentation of how to compute total income.

    Particulars Amount
    Rs Rs Rs
    1. Income from salaries
    Income from salary xx




    xxx














    xxxx
    Income by way of allowances xx
    Taxable value of perquisites xx
    Gross salary
    Less:   Deduction under Section 16 xxx
    Entertainment allowance xxx
        Professional tax xxx
    INCOME TAXABLE UNDER THE HEAD SALARIES
    2. Income from House Property
    Adjusted net annual value   xx



    xxxx
    Less: Deduction under section 24 xx
    INCOME TAXABLE UNDER THE HEAD HOUSE PROPERTY
    3. Income from Business or Profession
    Net profit as per profit and loss account xx













    xxxx
    Add: Amounts which are debited to P&l a/c but are not allowed as a deduction under the act xx
    Less: Expenditure which are not debited to P&L a/c but are allowed as a deduction under the act xx
    Less: Income which are credited to P&L a/c but  are exempt under section 10 xx
    Add: Income which are not credited to P&L a/c but are taxable under this head xx
    PROFIT & GAINS TAXABLE UNDER THE HEAD BUSINESS & PROFESSION
    4. Income from Capital Gains
    Amount of capital gains xx




    xxxx
    Less: Amount exempt under sections 54, 54B,54D,54EC,54F, 54G, 54GA, 54GB, and 54H xx
    INCOME TAXABLE UNDER THE HEAD CAPITAL GAINS
    5. Income from other sources
    Gross income xx



    xxxx
    Less: Deduction under section 57 xx
    INCOME TAXABLE UNDER THE HEAD OTHER SOURCES

    Total [i.e., (1) +(2) +(3) +(4) +(5)]

    XXX
    Less: Adjustment on account of set-off and carry forward of losses XXX
    Gross total income XXXX
    Less: Deductions XXXX

    Total Income or Net income

    XXXX

Why the calculation of Total Income (TI) important under the Income Tax Act?

A question might come up in your mind that why it is important to know total income?? The need to understand the concept of total income becomes vital because it directly impacts your tax payments. Tax is calculated on total income or net income of a person and not on Gross Total Income. If the computation of Total Income is made wrong i.e. either it is calculated higher than actual income or lower, following consequences shall follow

  • In case TI has been calculated more than the actual amount. Then the tax would be calculated on such increased amount and you might end up paying higher taxes unnecessarily.
  • The other side is even more distressing. Computing lower Total Income and resultantly paying lower income tax will be an open invite for tax notices, penalties & prosecution.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q- What is total income?

Ans. To know your total income sum up your annual income under all the five heads of income and account for the deductions under chapter VIA. The net result would be your total or net income.


Q- What is difference between gross income and total income?

Ans. Gross income is the aggregate income and a wider term from which total income can be arrived at after subtracting the decutionsunder section 80C to 80U of the income tax act.


Q- Is total income and taxable income different?

Ans. No, total income/net income and taxable income are one and the same thing.


Q- What is annual income?

Ans. Annual income means your income from all sources, it is same as Gross Total Income.


Q- What is the gross total income?

Ans. Aggregate income before deductions under chapter VIA is known as Gross Total Income.


Q- Is total income before or after tax?

Ans. When tax from gross income is deducted it results in total income. Hence, total income is always after tax.


Q- What is difference between total income and taxable income?

Ans. Total income and taxable income are interchangeable terms. There is no difference.


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CA Abhishek Soni

Abhishek Soni is a Chartered Accountant by profession & entrepreneur by passion. He is the co-founder & CEO of Tax2Win.in. Tax2win is amongst the top 25 emerging startups of Asia and authorized ERI by the Income Tax Department. In the past, he worked in EY and comes with wide industry experience from telecom, retail to manufacturing to entertainment where he has handled various national and international assignments.