Investments are made in the stock market, equity market, or share market, all of which are the aggregation of buyers and sellers of stocks, representing ownership claims on businesses. These may also include securities listed on a public stock exchange, as well as stocks that are traded privately. The equity market is that market where shares are issued and traded, either through exchanges or over-the-counter markets. This market gives companies a way to raise the needed capital amount and also gives investors the opportunity for gain by allowing those companies' stock shares to be traded.
Section 80CCG allows for greater deductions than Rs. 1,50,000 as per the previously prevalent Section 80C. The scheme is extremely useful for people making greater investments. The deductions can be claimed at the time when the income tax returns are filed by the taxpayer.
Section 80CCG was introduced in the Finance Act, 2012 and was part of the Income Tax Act. The other name of this section is the Rajiv Gandhi Equity Savings Scheme (RGESS). While the idea was to enhance the investment habits of existing investors and encourage first-time investors, it also helped in strengthening the investment force in the securities market. Therefore, by this one scheme, the Government planned on targeting several socio-economic factors like encouraging the habit of savings, expanding the reach of capital markets beyond the institutional investors, broadening the base of investors, and bringing on a culture of equity trading among the common masses.
The RGESS scheme came into notification by the Department of Revenue on 23rd November 2012 and the soon the subsequent corrigendum was issued on 5th December 2012. The very next day, SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) issued the operational guidelines. Eventually, more amendments took place to widen the scope of the scheme by the Finance Act, 2013. The amendment notification was issued on 18th December 2013.
Before one goes on to discuss the eligibility criteria to get the benefits of this scheme, let us first understand our conception of a "new investor". A new investor is one among the resident individuals who have not opened a demat account, or even if there is has not been able to make a trade in the equity and derivatives segment. There are other cases when there are a group of individuals contributing their part as joint account holders. In such a case, the first account holder is not considered as a "new investor". You will also not be considered a new investor if you possess shares of unlisted companies or those received under the Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP). However, if you do possess immaterialized physical shares, you can be considered a new investor.
The scheme in Section 80CCG is meant to encourage the new investor to be a part of the market.The following list should help in identifying the eligible securities for RGESS-
It is an inevitable fact that if you decide on investment in the stock or equity market, there is an inherent risk of losing a lot of money, including the capital amount. The market is a volatile space, and the value of stocks keeps changing their graphs. Investing in RGESS is the same as investing in any other volatile market, and it does not guarantee any assurance of regaining any of the amounts invested in the security. However, the makers and designers of the scheme did take some special measures to reduce risk. Thereby, the makers of RGESS made sure that the interests of the investor were safeguarded by the selection of the majorly large-cap stocks and also by keeping a considerable lock-in period to take advantage of positive market sentiments. Moreover, the scheme also included investments in exchange-traded funds and mutual funds, which ensured the diversification of investments and also reduced the market risks.
When an individual puts their money in the RGESS, the deduction allowed for tax benefits is 50% of the total amount invested, and this is subject to a maximum investment of Rs. 50,000.This criterion can be visualized through the help of some examples-
The Rajiv Gandhi Equity Savings Scheme was introduced to offer tax benefits for individuals investing in the equity market. The Equity Linked Saving Scheme or ELSS, was another scheme that offers similar tax benefits under Section 80C. However, there are some differences to be noted while going for either of the two schemes for your investments.
|No.||RGESS (Rajiv Gandhi Equity Savings Scheme)||ELSS (Equity Linked Saving Scheme)|
|1.||RGESS is supposed to have more risk as the RGESS investments are made directly in the enlisted equity or into mutual fund and exchange-traded fund units.||ELSS has more risk, comparatively as the ELSS investments are only mutual fund based.|
|2.||RGESS has a lock-in period of 3 years, but permits trading after the first fixed year based on certain conditions.||ELSS, too, have a lock-in period of 3 years, the flexibility is, however, reduced.|
|3.||The benefits from RGESS can be availed by the new investor for a limited period of three consecutive years.||In ELSS, there is no such limit, and the benefits can be availed for any number of years as per the choice and convenience of the investor|
|4.||In RGESS, only 50% of the investment is eligible for the deduction, and the capping amount is only Rs 25,000||In ELSS, deductions for the investments can extend up to Rs 1.5 lakh and can be availed on the 100% amount of the investment.|
It was noticed eventually that when the scheme was launched, there was not much investment made during this scheme, and the amount was relatively low compared to the country's size and tax base. The Union Budget of 2017 proposed the phasing out of RGESS with effect from 1st April 2018. The tax benefits were noticed to be made till the date only for a year or two. The Government perceived that phasing out this scheme was more in line with simplifying the process of taxation and the rationalizing of deductions on investments.
Section 80CCG or RGESS was started to promote an 'equity culture' such that individuals had the scope of saving their taxes while investing in the equity or stock market. There are several unique features of the scheme which have allowed progress for the individual's economic establishment, and the government’s need to flourish the stock market. There are, also, a few complications in the scheme concerning the treatment of securities sold in the flexible lock-in period, and a thorough explanation can be deduced by the FAQs on RGESS which was released by the Ministry of Finance on 5th February 2014.
Known as Rajiv Gandhi Equity Savings Scheme, it was in 2012-13 that 80CCG came into effect. The purpose of this tax-saving scheme was to encourage the first-time investors and strengthen investment force in securities market.
The Equity Linked Saving Scheme or ELSS, was another scheme that offers similar tax benefits under Section 80C just as RGESS under 80CCG. ELSS is a mutual fund based investment, it has more risk compared to the RGESS.
If you are a first-time investor and earn less than Rs 12 lakh per year, then you are eligible to invest in 80CCG, commonly called RGESS. You have the option of either buying specific stocks or mutual funds notified under the scheme. You can invest and claim a tax deduction up to Rs 25,000 under section 80 CCG of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
Yes, RGESS has a lock-in period of 3 years, where the 1st year has a ‘fixed lock-in’ period and the subsequent 2 years have a ‘flexible lock-in’ period.
As per the Income Tax, 1961, RGESS or Section 80CCG is for an individual resident in India who is a first-time investor. As you are a non-resident Indian, you cannot avail any benefits under RGESS.
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