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Everything on Compulsory Registration Under GST Act Section 24

Updated on: 27 May, 2024 06:08 PM

GST registration is a key process for businesses in India to follow the tax system introduced by the Government. Under the CGST Act 2017, businesses that supply goods or services need to register for GST to comply with the tax rules. GST registration depends on the turnover of the business, which is the limit set by Section 22(1) of the CGST Act 2017. When a business crosses this limit, it has to register for GST and pay taxes under the GST regime.

However, some businesses have to register for GST even if they do not cross the turnover limit. Section 24 of the CGST Act 2017 lists the categories of persons who have to register for GST compulsorily, regardless of their turnover. These include entities that do inter-state supply, casual taxable persons, and those who pay tax under the reverse charge mechanism. Section 24 aims to cover certain businesses and individuals under GST to make the tax system more complete, transparent, and compliant. Therefore, businesses need to know the details of GST registration, the turnover limit, and the compulsory provisions in Section 24.

What is the Applicability of Compulsory Registration Under GST Act Section 24?

Compulsory registration under GST Act Section 24 is applicable to certain categories of persons who are required to obtain GST registration irrespective of their aggregate turnover.

Threshold Limits for Registration

  • Turnover Criteria: The standard GST registration threshold is set at Rs. 40 lakhs for goods suppliers and Rs. 20 lakhs for service providers across most states and union territories in India. It's important to note that this threshold exemption does not extend to individuals mandated to register under section 24.
  • Exceptional Category States: The threshold limit for GST registration is Rs. 20 lakhs for suppliers of goods and Rs. 10 lakhs for suppliers of services in the special category states, which are Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim, Nagaland, Tripura, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. However, this limit also does not apply to the persons who are compulsorily required to register under section 24.

Compulsory Registration Criteria for Activities

  • Inter-State Supplies: Persons making an inter-state taxable supply of goods or services are required to take registration under section 24 (i), regardless of the threshold limit. Nevertheless, there are certain exceptions to this rule, including:
    • Persons making inter-state supply of services are not required to register if their aggregate turnover is less than Rs. 20 lakhs or Rs. 10 lakhs, as the case may be.
    • Persons engaged in inter-state supply of handicraft goods or specified products are not required to register if their aggregate turnover is less than Rs. 20 lakhs or Rs. 10 lakhs, as the case may be.
  • Casual Taxable Persons: Casual taxable persons making a taxable supply of goods or services in a state or union territory where they do not have a fixed place of business are required to take registration under section 24 (ii), regardless of the threshold limit. However, there are some exceptions to this rule, such as:
    • Persons engaged in the supply of handicraft goods or specified products are not required to obtain casual registration if they supply goods outside the state or union territory, and their aggregate turnover is less than Rs. 20 lakhs or Rs. 10 lakhs, as the case may be.
    • Casual taxable person registration is not required for the movement of goods on an approval basis, provided that the invoice is issued at the time of delivery of goods.
  • Non-Resident Taxable Persons: Persons who are not residents but engage in the taxable supply of goods or services in India must register under section 24 (v), irrespective of the threshold limit.
  • Reverse Charge Mechanism: Persons who are liable to pay tax under the reverse charge mechanism on inward supplies of goods or services are required to take registration under section 24 (iii), regardless of the threshold limit. However, there is an exception to this rule, such as:
    • Persons who are making only outward supplies and tax on which is liable to be paid on a reverse charge basis by the recipient under section 9 (3) are exempt from registration.
  • Section 24 (iv): If you provide certain services through an E-Commerce Operator (ECO), you must register for tax and the ECO will pay the tax on your behalf. The services that are covered by this rule are listed in section 9(5) of the Act. They are:
    • Passenger transport by radio-taxi, motor cab, maxi cab, or motorcycle
    • Accommodation in hotels, inns, guest houses, clubs, campsites, or other places for residential or lodging purposes
    • Housekeeping services such as plumbing, and carpentering
    The ECO has to take mandatory registration and pay tax only if the service providers have a turnover of less than Rs 20 /10 Lakh and they are not required to take registration under sec 22 of the CGST Act. Those who are liable to pay tax under section 9(5) have to take compulsory registration.
  • Section 24(vi) TDS Deductor: If you have to deduct tax under section 51 (TDS), you need a separate registration as a tax deductor, even if you are already registered under GST Act 2017.
  • Section 24(vii): Only C&F agents who store and sell goods on behalf of the Principal need to register under GST, even if their turnover is below Rs 20/10 lakhs per annum. Other agents who provide goods or services or both for other taxable persons, whether as an agent or not, do not need to register if their annual turnover is less than Rs 20/10 lakhs. This applies to ordinary commission agents who do not deal in goods or services themselves.
  • Section 24(viii) Input Service Distributor: Every entity, regardless of its registration status under the CGST Act 2017, is mandatory to register as an Input Tax Distributor.
  • Section 24(ix): Individuals supplying goods or services, excluding those specified under section 9(5), through e-commerce operators (ECO) must undergo mandatory registration under the CGST Act. This compulsory registration is necessary when E-commerce operators are tasked with collecting tax at source as per section 52 of the Act.
  • Section 24(x): Electronic Commerce Operator: Any electronic commerce operator mandated to collect tax at source under section 52, introduced through the CGST (Amendment) Act, 2018 effective from February 1, 2019. Therefore, registration for an e-commerce operator is necessary when obligated to collect tax at source under section 52 of the CGST Act.
  • Section 24(xi) OIDAR (Online Information and Database Access or Retrieval Services): Compulsory registration is necessary for any entity providing OIDAR services from a location outside India to an individual in India, except for a registered taxable person. Therefore, if an individual is already registered under GST, there is no need for a separate registration.
  • Section 24(xii): Compulsory registration is mandatory for any individual or category of individuals as may be specified by the Central Government or a State Government based on the recommendations of the GST Council.
  • Other applicable Provisions: A person dealing exclusively in exempted products is not obligated to register under GST unless liable under reverse charge. Compulsory GST registration becomes necessary when an individual is liable to pay tax under reverse charge. The requirements for mandatory registration do not apply to individuals who are not obligated to register under section 23 of the CGST and SGST Act. Therefore, the following are exempt from registration, even if falling under any category specified in section 24(1): (a) individuals supplying goods or services not subject to tax, (b) those wholly exempt from tax, (c) agriculturists, or (d) individuals supplying goods or services where the service recipient is liable to pay tax.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q- What is Compulsory Registration under GST Act Section 24?

Compulsory Registration under GST Act Section 24 mandates that certain persons/entities are required to register for Goods and Services Tax (GST) regardless of their aggregate turnover. This provision ensures broader tax compliance and accountability.


Q- Who is liable for Compulsory Registration under Section 24?

Individuals or entities engaged in specific activities as mentioned in Section 24 of the GST Act, irrespective of their turnover, are liable for compulsory registration. These activities may include inter-state supplies, e-commerce operators, and certain other specified cases.


Q- What is the consequence of non-compliance with compulsory registration under Section 24?

Failure to comply with the mandatory registration under Section 24 can result in penalties and legal consequences. It is crucial to adhere to the provisions of the GST Act to avoid any legal complications.


Q- Can a person voluntarily opt for registration even if not covered under Section 24?

Yes, individuals or entities not covered under Section 24 can voluntarily opt for GST registration if they meet the prescribed threshold for voluntary registration. This allows them to avail of input tax credits and other benefits under the GST regime.


Q- Are there any specific documents required for compulsory registration under Section 24?

The documentation requirements for compulsory registration may vary based on the nature of the business. Generally, documents such as PAN, proof of business, bank statements, and other relevant documents must be submitted during the registration process.


CA Abhishek Soni
CA Abhishek Soni

Abhishek Soni is a Chartered Accountant by profession & entrepreneur by passion. He is the co-founder & CEO of Tax2Win.in. Tax2win is amongst the top 25 emerging startups of Asia and authorized ERI by the Income Tax Department. In the past, he worked in EY and comes with wide industry experience from telecom, retail to manufacturing to entertainment where he has handled various national and international assignments.

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