What is Section 80GG as per Income Tax Act?
80GG is a section in the Income Tax Act of India, under which a person, either individual or HUF can claim a deduction on the rent that is paid towards a furnished or unfurnished house. The house must be in use for their residential accommodation.
By deductions, here we mean the amount you can deduct from your gross income of the year to derive at the net taxable income on which the income tax would be charged.
Conditions to claim deduction under Section 80GG?
There are certain conditions which you need to meet to be eligible for the deductions under Section 80GG. Here are those criteria –
- One can claim deduction under this section if he or she is self-employed or salaried.
- Companies cannot claim deduction under this section for their rental expenses.
- You being an individual or a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) can only be entitled to receive this deduction.
- If you are salaried, you must not receiving any HRA benefits and you are not even entitled to receive so, to avail the benefit of section 80GG.
- You can claim deduction under this section on any kind of residential property which is unfurnished, furnished or even semi furnished where you stay as a tenant.
- If the taxpayer gets any kind of similar deduction in that assessment year, then he or she or the HUF cannot get deduction under this 80GG section.
Besides these assets, any other property that you own would be called a capital asset like land, building, shares, patents, trademarks, jewellery, etc.
How to claim deduction under Section 80GG?
For filing a valid claim under section 80GG you are required to submit Form 10BA online. Further, in case the amount of rent you have paid in the last Financial Year exceeds Rs. 1 lakh, then you are required to mention the PAN details of the Landlord (owner). PAN details are asked by the income tax department to prove the genuineness that you are living in that particular house as a tenant and you are not claiming the deduction on a house or a residential property occupied in the location other than that of your employment.
What will be the quantum of deduction under section 80GG?
The amount of deduction can be the least of any of the following three -
- Rs. 5000 per month or annually Rs. 60000
- 25% of the yearly salary of the individual or the HUF
- Amount derived after deducting 10% of the total income from the amount of total rent paid in the financial year.
For understanding the amount of deduction that you can be entitled to in a better way, here is an example.
Suppose, your friend Samiksha is earning Rs. 5 lakh p.a. She lives in Mumbai in a rented apartment and pays a rent of Rs.15000 per month. So, her total rent per year is Rs. 180000. Now, as per the above-mentioned criteria, the three possibilities can be –
- Rs. 60000 annually
- 25% of 5 lakhs = 1.25 lakhs
- 180000- (10% of 500000) = Rs.130000
So, the least of this three amount is Rs. 60000. So your friend can claim and get a deduction of Rs. 60000 per year on the total income for the rent she pays.
Who can claim Deductions under this section?
A person who lives in a rented residential house and she or he must be an individual or HUF not receiving any HRA from their employer can get the deduction.
There are certain cases where you cannot claim the deduction even if you meet the above-mentioned criteria –
- You are the owner of a house in the city or the town where you are employed or doing your business (self-employment).
- For them who are staying with their parents in the parental house, cannot get deduction under this section.
So, you are living with your parents or any other relative where you do not pay any rent but want to avail the deduction under 80GG. In that case, you need to pay the rent to your parents or relative at least on paper that is you need to have the receipts of rent payment of at least Rs. 60000 to avail the minimum deduction. However, the twist is your parents have to show the rent as their income from rent in their tax return.
What is the information required for claiming deduction under section 80GG?
To claim the deduction under section 8oGG, you need to file the necessary details.
- Your name
- The address of the residential premise where you have been living on rent. You have to provide the full address with the postal code as well
- Your PAN details
- The tenure for which you are living in the rented property
- Amount of rent and mode (through cash, bank deposit etc.) of payment
- The address and name of the owner of the house. (i.e. landlord).
- As mentioned above as well, if the rent you pay exceeds Rs. 1 lakh in a year, along with your PAN details you have to provide the PAN details of your owner.
- A declaration that you do not own any residential property on your name or your spouse name and even on the name of your minor child or as a member of HUF.
Under Section 80GG of the Indian Income Tax Act 1961, any individual or HUF (no Companies) can claim a deduction on the amount of rent they pay for their accommodation. To claim the deduction the person or the HUF must be self-employed or salaried. And, in the salaried job, individual or the HUF must not be entitled to receive any HRA (for that assessment year). The least of Rs. 60000 per year or 25% of the total income in a year or the amount calculated by deducting 10% of the total income from the total rent paid in a year can be claimed as the deduction. The assessee must not own any residential property on his or her name and not even on family members like a spouse or minor child’s name, otherwise, they cannot be entitled to receive any deduction under this section.