Section 194IB of the Income Tax Act deals with TDS deductions on rent. It states that individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) who pay a rent of INR 50,000 and above should pay the rent after deducting TDS on it @5%. When TDS is deducted from rent, the details of the TDS deducted are provided in Form 16C. Thus, Form 16C is a TDS certificate which shows TDS deductions on rent.
Section 194IB was introduced by the Indian Government in the Union Budget of 2017. The section became operational from 1st June 2017. Before the section was introduced, until the financial year ending 31st March, 2017, TDS was deducted @10% if tax audit was applicable to the assessees under Section 44AB. If the individual or HUF was not subjected to a tax audit, TDS deduction on rent was not applicable. However, with the introduction of Section 194IB, TDS was made mandatory if the rent exceeded INR 50,000 whether there was a relevance of tax audit or not.
As per the provisions of Section 194IB, the following would apply –
Suppose, an individual living in a 3BHK penthouse for which he is payable a rent of INR 75,000 monthly. Since the rent is more than INR 50,000, the individual would have to deduct TDS @5% before paying the rent to the landlord. Thus, every month, the rent paid would be INR 75,000 less the applicable TDS which is INR 3750. Thus, the rent payable would become INR 71,250 and the TDS would be deducted and deposited with the Government.
After the TDS has been deducted by the individual or the HUF, the same should be deposited with the Government. The deposit should be made within 30 days from the last date of the month in which TDS was deducted. So, in the above example, if TDS is deducted on 15th April, 2019, the same should be deposited to the Government by 30th May, 2019.
When depositing TDS with the Government, Form 26QC would also be required to be filled and submitted. Form 26QC is a challan-cum-statement of the TDS deduction done on rent.
The TDS can be deposited with the Government using the electronic mode of payment through the RBI, SBI or any other bank which is authorised to collect TDS on behalf of the Government.
After the TDS is deducted and deposited with the Government, the deductor is required to prepare and provide the landlord with Form 16C. As stated earlier, Form 16C would contain the details of TDS deducted. This form should be furnished to the landlord within 15 days of submitting Form 26QC. If Form 16C is not furnished within the specified time frame, the deductor would have to pay a penalty for delay. The penalty amount would be INR 100/day of delay.
The form contains the following details –
Form 16C is available on TRACES. To download the form, the following steps can be taken –
So, if you are paying a monthly rent of INR 50,000 and above, understand the provisions of Section 194IB. You should pay the rent after deducting TDS on it @5%. You would also have to prepare and furnish Form 16C which would show the details of the TDS which you have deducted. If you don’t comply with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, you would face penalties. So, know about Section 194IB and Form 16C so that you can avoid penalties.
A yearly rental of INR 3.6 lakhs amounts to a monthly rent of INR 30,000. Since the rent is below INR 50,000, you would not have to deduct TDS from the rent as Section 194IB would not be applicable to you.
The rate of TDS would be 5% if the landlord’s PAN details are available. However, if the landlord’s PAN details are not available, the rate would be 20% subject to a maximum of the rent payable for the last month of the financial year.
Form 16C can be downloaded from TRACES website of the Government by the tenant who is paying rent. The form could be downloaded only if you have processed Form 26QC and deposited the TDS to the Government.
If you fail to submit Form 16C to the landlord within 15 days of furnishing Form 26QC you would have to pay a penalty of INR100 for each day that you delay in providing the form.
No, TAN is not mandatory to deduct TDS on rent and file Form 26QC. Only the PAN card number of the deductor and deductee would be required.
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