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PAN stands for Permanent Account Number. It’s a ten-digit unique alphanumeric number issued by the Income Tax Department. It issued in the form of a laminated plastic card (commonly known as PAN card).

Given below is an illustrative PAN:

PAN Format- First Five digit is always Alphabetic than four digit Numeric and last digit Alphabetic. ALWPG5809L

The 4th letter is important as it denotes type of assessee.