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Nsdl National Securities Depository Limited - Definition & Advantages of Nsdl National Securities Depository Limited | What is Nsdl National Securities Depository Limited?

National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) is a leading company that specializes in the safekeeping and settlement of securities in India. Headquartered in Mumbai, NSDL offers a range of valuable services, including e-voting, e-insurance, and e-proxy voting, in addition to its core services.

Established in November 1996, NSDL began its operations in January 1997. It has since grown to become India's first and largest securities depository, with a remarkable market share of over 95% and more than 3.4 million investor accounts as of March 31, 2020. The company takes pride in its workforce, which consists of 1,821 dedicated employees.


What Does NSDL Offer?

NSDL (National Securities Depository Limited) is renowned for its comprehensive suite of services and products related to the securities market. Some of its key offerings include:

  1. Safekeeping and Settlement: NSDL provides a secure platform for the safekeeping and settlement of securities, enabling efficient transactions and minimizing risks.

  2. E-voting and E-proxy Voting: NSDL facilitates electronic voting and proxy voting, making it convenient for investors to participate in corporate decision-making processes.

  3. Value-added Services: In addition to its core services, NSDL offers various value-added services, such as e-insurance and e-Governance Infrastructure Limited (NeGIL), an online platform for government transactions.


Advantages of NSDL:

Investing or engaging with NSDL National Securities Depository Limited offers several advantages:

  1. Paperless Transactions: NSDL enables fast and convenient paperless transactions, eliminating the need for physical documents and reducing the chances of errors.

  2. Dematerialization of Securities: NSDL allows investors to hold their securities in dematerialized form, providing ease of transfer and enhanced security against theft or loss.

  3. Convenience and Efficiency: By leveraging NSDL's services, investors can enjoy the convenience of seamless transactions, streamlined processes, and reduced paperwork.


Disadvantages of NSDL:

While NSDL offers numerous benefits, it is important to be aware of certain limitations:

  1. Settlement Risk: As there is no exclusive depository for physical securities in India, settlement risk can arise in the event of a default by a participant.

  2. Reliance on Intermediaries: NSDL does not have branches, so participants must rely on their appointed intermediaries for account-related services.

  3. Account Opening Process: Opening an account with NSDL can be a lengthy and complicated process, involving multiple forms and documentation.



NSDL National Securities Depository Limited is a trusted and government-approved institution that plays a pivotal role in the safekeeping and efficient management of securities. It offers numerous advantages, including paperless transactions, enhanced security, and convenience. If you are considering entering the stock market, it is worth exploring the option of opening an account with NSDL National Securities Depository Limited to benefit from its reliable services and comprehensive support