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  • What is Investment?
  • What are different types of Investment?
  • What are Investment strategies?

What is Investment?

Investment refers to the act of allocating money or other resources with the expectation of generating income or profit. Investment involves the purchase of assets that have the potential to increase in value over time or provide a regular stream of income/profits in future.

Investment is an important tool for building wealth and achieving financial goals, but it also involves risk and requires a thorough understanding of the potential benefits and drawbacks of different Investment options.

What are different types of Investment?

Investing involves taking calculated risks to generate a return on Investment that exceeds the inflation rate. Further, Investment requires careful analysis of various factors, such as the economic environment, industry trends, and individual company performance, to make informed investment decisions.

There are several types of Investment, including


Companies issue stocks as a way to raise capital to fund their operations and expansion. When you buy a stock, you are buying a small piece of ownership in the company, and as a shareholder, you have the right to participate in the company's growth and profits.


Companies, municipalities, or governments typically issue debt securities that pay a fixed or variable interest rate.

Mutual Funds:

Pools of money from multiple investors are used to buy a portfolio of stocks, bonds, or other assets.

Real Estate:

Real estate refers to physical property, including land, buildings, and other structures. Real estate can be used for residential, commercial, or industrial purposes and can be owned by individuals, companies, or governments.


Physical goods, like gold, oil, or agricultural products, can be traded in commodity markets.

What are Investment strategies?

Investment strategies refer to the approach or method an investor uses to make investment decisions based on their investment goals, risk tolerance, and market conditions. Here are some common investment strategies:

Buy and Hold: 

This strategy involves buying an investment and holding it for the long term, regardless of short-term market fluctuations. This strategy is often used for investments such as stocks and real estate.

Value Investing: 

This strategy involves identifying undervalued investments with the potential for long-term growth, often through fundamental analysis of financial statements and market conditions.

Growth Investing: 

This strategy involves investing in companies with high growth potential, often in emerging industries or technologies.

Income Investing: 

This strategy involves investing in assets that provide regular income, such as bonds, dividend-paying stocks, and real estate investment trusts (REITs)/infrastructure investment trusts (InvITs)