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Intrinsic Value

What is an intrinsic value?

Intrinsic value refers to the current worth of a stock or business, determined by assessing its cash flows rather than relying on the prevailing market price. The calculation of intrinsic value involves intricate mathematical and financial computations, which serve as an estimate for making informed decisions. Typically, a combination of fundamental and technical analysis is employed to ascertain the value, taking into account the actual financial performance of the asset or business. The determination of intrinsic value incorporates both qualitative and quantitative factors, with the discounted cash flow method being a prominent metric used in this process.


Intrinsic value Explained

Intrinsic value is one of the many financial assessments analysts utilize to make informed decisions regarding buying, selling, or investing in an asset or business. Its applicability extends to determining the value of options as well.

The process of intrinsic valuation entails a comprehensive analysis that combines both technical and fundamental evaluations of a company's financials. While quantitative factors play a significant role, it is important to recognize that solely relying on them may overlook crucial qualitative aspects.

For instance, consider a scenario where a company generates ₹45 crores in monthly profits but is involved in illegal activities. In such cases, relying solely on quantitative valuation methods may raise doubts.

However, it is important to acknowledge that intrinsic valuation has its limitations. Firstly, it may underestimate the risk associated with cash flows. Secondly, the process involves making various assumptions, which can introduce subjectivity into the valuation. Lastly, when it comes to options, intrinsic valuation alone may be incomplete as it overlooks factors such as premium and the time value of money