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What is Equity?

Equity is the difference between a company's assets and liabilities. It is also known as shareholder's equity or net worth. Equity represents the amount of money that would be returned to shareholders if a company is to liquidate all of its assets and pay off all of its debts. A company with positive equity is in good financial health, while a company with negative equity is in financial trouble.


How does Equity work?

Shareholder equity is the value of a company’s assets minus the value of its liabilities. It represents the company’s financial health and is used by investors to assess a company’s risk and potential for growth. 

Equity can be raised by issuing debt securities or equity. Debt is a loan that must be repaid with interest, while equity is a share of ownership in the company. Investors generally prefer equity investments because they offer the potential for capital gains and dividends.

Shareholder equity can be either positive or negative. A positive equity balance means that the company has enough assets to cover its liabilities. On the other hand, negative equity refers to the company’s liabilities exceeding its assets. A constant negative equity balance is considered balance sheet insolvency. 

Investors generally view companies with negative equity as risky or unsafe investments. However, shareholder equity is not a definitive indicator of a company’s financial health. It is important to consider other factors, such as debt-to-equity ratio, return on equity, and cash flow when assessing a company’s risk and potential for growth