Tax Troubles? We've Got You Covered!
Tax Advisory Services
Get Expert Consultation Now!
  • 2500 Cr. Saved Already!
  • Trusted by 1 Million+
  • 10+ Yr. of Industry Experience
Tax Advisor

Book Building - Definition & Advantages of Book Building

When companies need to raise capital, they have various options available to them. One popular method is book building. In this blog post, we will delve into the definition and advantages of book building, empowering you to make an informed decision for your business.


What is book building?

Book building is a process that gradually accumulates orders for a security, typically during an initial public offering (IPO). It involves fixing the price and allocating the securities after collecting bids from potential investors. The objective of book building is to facilitate a fair and efficient price discovery process that benefits both the issuer and the investor, while offering greater flexibility in terms of timing, size, and price.


  The advantages of book building: 

  1. Wider Participation: Book building allows for broader participation compared to other methods of new issues. It enables a diverse range of investors to participate in the offering, resulting in increased demand and potential for better pricing.

  2. Tapping into Hidden Demand: Through book building, issuers can identify and tap into hidden pockets of demand that may not be evident through other approaches. This helps in maximizing the subscription and potential interest in the securities being offered.

  3. Greater Control over Allocation: Book building provides issuers with more control over the allocation of securities. It allows them to assess the bids received from investors and allocate securities based on specific criteria, such as investor profile or desired distribution.

  4. Enhanced Price Discovery: The process of book building assists in achieving better price discovery. By collecting bids from potential investors and analyzing the demand at different price levels, the issuer and underwriters can determine a suitable price for the securities being offered.

  5. Phased Approach and Marketing Time: Book building can be conducted in phases, allowing more time for marketing and investor education. This phased approach can help generate greater awareness and interest in the offering, potentially resulting in a more successful issuance.


What is the process of book building?

The book building process involves the following steps:

  1. Gauging Investor Interest: The investment bank or underwriter sends out indications of interest to potential investors, providing them with nonbinding details about the proposed sale. This helps gauge investor interest and demand for the securities.

  2. Building the Book: Based on the indications of interest received, the investment bank compiles a book that lists potential buyers and their desired purchase price for the securities.

  3. Soliciting Bids: The investment bank solicits bids from institutional investors based on the book. These bids provide information that helps set the final price of the securities.

  4. Setting the Price and Allocating Securities: Using the bids received, the investment bank determines the final price of the securities. Securities are then allocated to investors based on their bids and other criteria.



Book building is a process that assists companies in pricing their shares before going public. It allows for discounted purchases by underwriters and institutional investors, thereby generating demand for the stock. The advantages of book building include increased interest from potential investors, efficient capital utilization, and greater control over share prices. If you are considering taking your company public, book building may be the optimal option to explore